The book is written in the backdrop of the environmental impacts of and future requirements from the natural environment for rapid economic growth that has characterized recent economic history of China and India, especially over the past few decades. The environmental impacts of such rapid economic changes have been, more frequently than otherwise, degrading in character. Environmental impacts of economic activities create degraded natural ecosystems by over utilization of nature’s provisioning ecosystem services (from Himalaya to the Ocean), as well, by the use of the natural environment as sink for dumping of unmarketable products or unused inputs of economic activities. Such processes affect wide range of ecosystem processes on which the natural environment including human population depend on.


Critical perspectives cast by various chapters in this book draw attention to the various ways in which space and power interact to produce diverse geographies of sustainability in a globalizing world. They also address the questions such as who decides what kind of a spatial arrangement of political power is needed for sustaining the environment. Who stands to gain (or lose) what, when, where, and why from certain geographical areas being demarcated as ecologically unique, fragile and vulnerable environments? Whose needs and values are being catered to by a given ecosystem service? What is the scope for critical inquiry into the ways in which the environment is imagined, represented and resisted in both geopolitical struggles and everyday life? The book provides insights to both academics from diverse disciplines and policy makers, civil society actors interested in mutual exchange of knowledge between China and India.


“This book demonstrates that the social innovations do matter and will continue to do so in the realization of environmental sustainability for two large Asian countries, China and India across diverse landscapes connected by river flows from mountain grasslands to flood plains of Himalayan rivers to the urban settlements to the remote farming areas to mangroves and estuaries. The challenge of finding innovative solutions to the problem of environmental unsustainability in China and India is compounded by social and economic transformations at local and regional scales. This provides a very useful platform for these two neighboring countries for jointly promoting innovations that would benefit humanity as a whole. This book can attract you to read, think, and act right away for promoting the environmental sustainability in China and India, even beyond.” (Bojie Fu, Academician, Chinese Academy of Science (CAS), Distinguished Professor, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Beijing, China)

“The future of global sustainability depends on how China and India develop in the decades ahead. This book represents an important contribution to understanding and promoting environmental sustainability in a millennial context in these two ‘civilizational twins’, with ecosystems that depend on the ‘Himalayan water tower’. I am very pleased to see the publication of this timely and productive book, given the pervading sense of urgency in the era of extensive environment degradation, especially climate change. It provides new insights on environmental sustainability from Himalayan grasslands to the coastal areas, linked by Himalayan rivers, and rural and urban landscapes in China and India. I highly recommend this important publication to researchers, designers, planners, policy makers, students, and others who are working on environmental sustainability in China or India and worldwide.” (Nitin Desai, Former Under-Secretary General for Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New Delhi, India)

“Over the past decade Professor Dong has successfully broadened his ecological focus on grassland management in China to embrace the complexities of the social environmental nexus and to encourage trans-disciplinary collaborations that are essential to eventually realizing sustainable development worldwide. Here, Dong and colleagues provide a unique and useful interdisciplinary synthesis of the social environmental challenges and their possible solutions across a major geopolitical landscape. I can think of no more complicated, or more important, setting for a consideration of environmental sustainability than the mountains to oceans continuum that spans the rapidly developing countries of China and India. This volume provides a solid foundation for stimulating that important discussion.” (James P. Lassoie, International Professor of Conservation, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA)

David Brewster, India and the Persian Gulf: Locked out or staying out? 

Comparative Strategy

Volume 35, Issue 1, 2016


Sanjay Chaturvedi and Timothy Doyle (2015), Climate Terror: A Critical Geopolitics of Climate Change, London: Palgrave Macmillan

About the Book

Climate Terror engages with a highly differentiated geographical politics of global warming. It explores how fear-inducing climate change discourses could result in new forms of dependencies, domination and militarized 'climate security'.

  • First book to critique climate change from a critical geopolitical perspective
  • Relevant to agenda setting and international policy makers on climate change
  • Important emphasis placed on impact of climate change in the Global South, rather than being purely a challenge for and threat to the West
  • Interdisciplinary book that sits at the critical and popular intersection between security, human security and science and the environment and will be of value to researchers from a broad spectrum of disciplines


“Climate Terror offers an invaluable contribution because it combines and fully develops a number of important critical angles –there are not many books doing that, if any at all. The book will represent an important resource for critical scholars approaching the field of climate politics, as well as a necessary starting point for those working on and towards decolonized and progressive climate politics.”

Giovanni Bettini (Lancaster University, UK) in Progress in Human Geography (Sage)

“Climate Terror is a frenetic, impassioned, angry book, from the denunciation of ‘historically perpetuated environmental injustices by the powers that be’ on the first page to the ‘Armageddon’ of the ‘the globally peripheral peoples of the global South’ on the last...the authors manage to craft a largely coherent account of many violences done by the rise of a Climate Terror Industry, and the great value of this book is both its scope and range, combined with writing from the perspective of the Global South with an orientation towards forces of subaltern resistance. Despite the many allusions to diverse concepts and theorists the book manages to be relatively accessible as well as challenging, and researchers new to the fields of climate geopolitics or political ecology will find a range of provocative lines of enquiry.”

Carl Death (University of Manchester, Manchester, UK) Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest (Routledge)

“Chaturvedi and Doyle offer a much-needed reminder to those concerned to think about climate in global terms that the politics of discourse matters. Geographical contextualisations are key to this process, hence their subtitle explicitly invoking critical geopolitics... Their concern is that subalterns in the Global South have their lives directly interconnected with matters of ecological injustice and vulnerabilities in ways often distant from the geopolitical narratives of Northern technocrats.”

Simon Dalby (Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada) in Geopolitics (Routledge)

“In this book, Chaturvedi and Doyle venture deep into strategies of hegemony and resistance to explore how the biographies of place and culture are contesting formations of globalization predicated on a hollow empathy of environmental concern. The journey they take exposes the reader to the great dangers posed to the cultures and economies of southern states by solutions that emerge from a universalist, market-oriented, post-political and militarized dogma. Seeking to underline the inherent violence it contains, the authors have termed this conservative environmentalism ‘climate terror’.”

Barry J. Ryan (Keele University, UK) in Capital & Class (Sage)

“Through the eight chapters of their book, Chaturvedi and Doyle have weaved a master narrative on how climate change transpires in the wake of global warming and where these processes and politics might lead, without the rhetoric and the noise of fear, but with evidence as available and theoretical postulation as necessary...what Chaturvedi and Doyle have attempted to do is to provide a script for both the history of climate change, as we understand it now and possibilities for the future, if reasonable people might be able to capture the momentum.”

Sasanka Perera (Department of Sociology, South Asian University, New Delhi) in India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs (Sage)

Book Review by Carl Death, University of Manchester.


Environment and Politics

About the Book

Environment and Politics 4th Edition is a concise introduction to this ever-expanding interdisciplinary field, explaining and illustrating how concepts, conflicts, movements, political systems and the practices of policy-making can be analysed in a systematic way. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the key themes that shape the field, and examines a diverse range of environmental problems and policy solutions found in different countries and cultures.

Doyle, McEachern and MacGregor. 2015. Environment and Politics, 4th Ed. For ane-inspection copy, please click here.

Doyle, McEachern and MacGregor. 2015. Environment and Politics, 4th Ed. For ane-inspection copy, please click here.

The new edition has been extensively revised to include up-to-date explanation of green political theories and traditions and the debates that shape action on the ground. It contains an expanded discussion of environmental movements that work in the Global North, the Global South and transnationally. Greater attention has been given to the roles of corporations, non-governmental organizations, the media, consumers and citizens in order to reflect the changing nature of environmental governance. The text also focuses throughout on debates surrounding the concepts of environmental security, environmental justice and environmental citizenship.

The authors examine the institutional responses of parliaments, administrative, legal and electoral systems; the more informal politics of social movements; and the politics of markets and the corporate sector as they respond to (or resist) the greening of societies. This engaging text has been fully updated to offer readers a greater understanding of international, national and local environmental politics as well as expected future developments at all levels.

Environment and Politics continues to use illustrative examples of conflicts, people and events spanning North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia, giving it global perspective and relevance.

Each chapter includes questions for debate as well as a list of key words and resources for independent research. This successful textbook remains a key resource for undergraduate and postgraduate studies across politics, environmental studies, development studies and human geography courses.

India's Ocean: The Story of India's Bid for regional leadership

India's Ocean: the story of India's bid for regional leadership. By David Brewster (Routledge, 2014).

The Indian Ocean is shaping up to become a major strategic battleground of the 21st century. The rise of India and China is shaping a new regional balance of power in the Indo- Pacific. Just as China is now asserting itself in the Pacific, India aspires to be the leading power in the Indian Ocean.

In this timely new book, India’s Ocean: the story of India’s bid for regional leadership, David Brewster examines India’s growing strategic role in the Indian Ocean. It asks:

  • What are India’s strategic ambitions in the Indian Ocean?

  • Who are India’s regional military partners?

  • How is India responding to the growing Chinese presence in the region?

  • How will this contest affect Australia?

    The future of the Indian Ocean will be a competition between great powers. Is it destined to become India’s Ocean?

    ‘What happens in the Indian Ocean will define India’s strategic future, and that in turn will do a great deal to set Asia’s course in the Asian Century. David Brewster gives us a perfect guide to the forces shaping India’s role in the Ocean that bears its name. It is a lucid, lively, comprehensive and judicious account of one of the central strategic questions of our times.' – Professor Hugh White, Australian National University

    'A knowledgeable India hand, David Brewster explores India's maritime ambitions and provides an incisive assessment of its potential to wield influence across the Indian Ocean region.' – Admiral Arun Prakash (Retd), Chief of Naval Staff, Indian Navy 2004-06

    'In this book, David Brewster [outlines] a realistic trajectory for India as an Indian Ocean power. In so doing he explains the power relationships and the subregional dynamics that will determine how smooth or otherwise this course will be. This book fills an important gap for scholars and policymakers striving to understand how India will affect the Indo-Pacific strategic order in the 21st century.' – Rory Medcalf, Director, International Security Program, Lowy Institute

    About the author: David Brewster is a former international corporate lawyer and joined the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University in 2007. He is one of Australia’s leading thinkers on Indian and Indian Ocean strategic affairs. For more of David Brewster's publications on Indian Ocean Matters, click here.  For a review of the book, click here.

    To request a copy for review, please contact: Jasmin Anglesea, Marketing Assistant +44 (0) 20 755 19227

Indian Ocean Regionalism. Edited by Dennis Rumley and Timothy Doyle. Routledge. 2015.


The Security of Sea Lanes of Communication in the Indian Ocean Region, co-edited by Dennis Rumley, Sanjay Chaturvedi and Mat Taib (Routledge, 2015)

This is an important book for three particular reasons. First, it takes a step forward in identifying key policy themes that can be applied to interstate cooperation around the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Second, the particular theme discussed is not only central to the economic well-being of Indian Ocean countries, but also to many of the world’s most important trading states, and finally the various discussions within the book raise a host of issues to which regional as well as non-regional policy-makers should give serious consideration.

The limits of Maritime Jurisdiction. Edited by Clive Schofield, Seokwoo Lee and Moon-Sang Kwon. (University of Wollongong, 2014)

Energy Security and the Indian Ocean Region, co-edited by Dennis Rumley and Sanjay Chaturvedi (Routledge, 2015)

The Indian Ocean Region has become increasingly important to discussions on energy security, not only because of the critical importance of regional states as energy suppliers, but also because of the essential role of the Ocean as an energy route. The main purpose of this volume is to provide an elaborate and critical evaluation of some of these issues and their implications for regions outside the Indian Ocean.

Crucible for Survival: Environmental Security and Justice in the Indian Ocean Region edited by Timothy Doyle and Melissa Riseley (Rutgers University Press: New Brunswich, New Jersey, and London 2008)

New Regional Geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific
Drivers, Dynamics and Consequences
Edited by Priya Chacko



About the Book

During the last twenty years, burgeoning transnational trade, investment and production linkages have transformed the area between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The appearance of this area of interdependence and interaction and its potential impact on global order hascaptured the attention of political leaders, and the concept of the Indo-Pacific region is increasingly appearing in international political discourse.


This book explores the emergence of the Indo-Pacific concept in different national settings. Chapters engage with critical theories of international relations, regionalism, geopolitics and geoeconomics in reflecting on the domestic and international drivers and foreign policy debates around the Indo-Pacific concept in Australia, India, the United States, Indonesia and Japan. They evaluate the reasons why the concept of the Indo-Pacific has captured the imaginations of policy makers and policy analysts in these countries and assess the implications of competing interpretations of the Indo-Pacific for conflict and cooperation in the region.


A significant contribution to the analysis of the emerging geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific, this book will be of interest to researchers in the field of Asian Studies, International Relations, Regionalism, Foreign Policy Analysis and Geopolitics.


The Political Economy of Indian Ocean Maritime Africa

The Political Economy of Indian Ocean Maritime Africa. Dennis Rumley (ed) Routledge, 2015.

This book examines the states of maritime Africa in the Indian Ocean Region in terms of their changing geopolitical and geo-economic context. It discusses the changing patterns of the region's trade, investment and aid relationships with both extra-regional states and with countries that are members of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA). It analyses the extent of actual cooperation of regional states with other IORA members, especially in terms of two fundamentally important regional issues -maritime security and education and innovation.

This book is part of a larger research project funded by the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Special Fund and the Governments of Australia, India, Oman, South Africa and Sri Lanka as well as a contribution from an Australian Research Council grant for the project "Building an Indian Ocean Region" [Discovery Project DP120101166].

Indian Foreign Policy: The politics of poscolonial identity from 1947 to 2004. By Priya Chacko. Routledge, 2012.

Fisheries Exploitation in the Indian Ocean: Threats and Opportunities. Edited by Dennis Rumley, Sanjay Chaturvedi and Vijay Sakhuja (ISEAS, 2009)

Inaugural book: Geopolitical Orientations, Regionalism and Security in the Indian Ocean. Dennis Rumley and Sanjay Chaturvedi, editors. (Routledge, 2015).

This book is the inaugural volume of the Indian Ocean Research Group (IORG) and is based on a selection of papers presented at the IORG launch in Chandigarh in November 2002. The volume emphasizes the complexity and historical and contemporary geopolitical significance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). It also propagates the necessity for increased intra-regional cooperation, especially in terms of economic and environmental security, maritime boundaries, sea lane security and ocean management, in the spirit of open regionalism, in order to ensure a more secure IOR. In addition, the volume initiates an agenda for future social science policy-orientated research. The book should be of particular interest to policy-makers, business people and academics, as well as citizens of the IOR.

Articles by Society Members:

(note: comprehensive list under construction. Consult also list of papers under the "projects" tab).

Brewster, David. The Australia-India Framework for Cooperation: Another Step towards an Indo-Pacific Security Partnership

Brewster, David. 2015  The Rise of the Bengal Tigers: The Growing Strategic Importance of the Bay of Bengal.  Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. 9(2): 81-104.

Brewster, David. 2014.  The India-Australia Security and Defence Relationship: Developments, Constraints and Prospects. Security Challenges, 10(1): 65-86

Chaturvedi, Sanjay. 'Mapping the maritime Order from International Relations' Theoretical Perspectives' in Yogendra Kumar (ed) Whither Indian Ocean Maritime Order? Contributions to a Seminar on Narendra Modi’s Speech, New Delhi: India International Centre & Knowledge World, 2017.

Timothy Doyle. “Foreword.” Women’s Economic Empowerment in the Indian Ocean Region. Special Issue of the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region (JIOR), 13, 1 (2017).

Timothy Doyle. (Editor-in-Chief). Women’s Economic Empowerment in the Indian Ocean Region. Special issue of the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region (JIOR), 13, 1 (2017).

Jo-Ansie van Wyk. ‘Crouching tigers, leaping lions? Developmental leadership lessons for South Africa from China and Malaysia’. African East-Asian Affairs. The China Monitor. Issue 1, 2016. pp. 6-31.

Jo-Ansie van Wyk. ‘Defining the blue economy as a South African strategic priority: towards a sustainable 10th province?’, in Institute for Global Dialogue and the [South African] Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), The blue economy and the challenge of maritime security for South and Southern Africa. [South African] Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO): Pretoria. 2015. pp. 187-215.